WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT MEASLES

Measles is a highly contagious respiratory disease caused by a virus.

Cause

  • A virus in the paramyxovirus family, which normally grows in the cells that line the back of the throat and lungs

Mode of Transmission

  • Easily spreads from person-to-person by sneezing, coughing, and close personal contact

 

Signs and Symptoms

  • Cough
  • Runny nose
  • Red eyes/ conjunctivitis
  • Fever
  • Blotchy rash lasting for more than 3 days

Complications

  • Diarrhea
  • Otitis media (middle ear infection)
  • Pneumonia
  • Encephalitis
  • Malnutrition
  • Blindness

Prevention

  • Immunize infants with measles vaccine at 9 months old.
  • Give Vitamin A supplementation during routine measles vaccination.

 

Treatment

  • Nutritional support and oral rehydration are important to increase body resistance and replace lost body fluids caused by coughing, diarrhea, and perspiration.
  • Take antibiotics as prescribed by physician to treat infections.
  • Give supplementation to infants and children diagnosed with measles.

 

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